Identifying a Eurasian Lynx -Lynx lynx
There are five subspecies of Eurasian Lynx;
- Baikal Lynx
- Mongolian Lynx
- Northern European Lynx
- Siberian Lynx
- Southern European Lynx
They are the largest of the lynx species. They are usually around 70cm tall and around 1m in length. The average weight is roughly 24kg. The largest individuals are found in Siberia, where males can reach up to 45kg!
Legs are very long and powerful, and their paws are large and webbed. Eyes are a pale blue, yellow, green or brown. Their tail has a black tip. The ears are black with a white patch in the middle, and sport a long black tuft of hair on each tip. They also have a ruff of hair on their cheeks, which follows the colour pattern of the coat.
The summer base coat colour is a reddish-brown. This colour tends to be brighter with individuals in more Southern areas of their range. During the winter, the coat thickens and becomes a grey or grey-brown colour, which means they can often be mistaken for a Canadian Lynx. The underneath parts of the coat are always white.
Their markings are dark coloured spots, but not all individuals have visible markings. These spots can often form stripes on the forehead and back. The density of markings is usually higher in individuals living further south. Leg markings are more defined than body markings.